Doha, the most populated city in the Qatar, grew out of, and now contains the Al Bidda neighborhood in the east. Mentions of Al Bidda date back to the 17th century, but it rose to prominence in the 19th century. Doha was officially established in 1820. It became the capital city in 1971 when Qatar became independent. 

It quickly became one of the main financial centers of the region. In 1996 the Al Jazeera satellite networks were established in Doha. A year later Education City was established by the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science, and Community Development. With an area of 14 square kilometers, the area houses educational facilities the serve students from school age through graduate school. Virginia Commonwelth University was the first of 8-10 foreign universities to establish branch campuses in Education City. It also houses a number of Qatari schools and research institutions. 

In recent years, development of tourism, mass transit, and sporting infrastructure has accelerate, as Qatar is scheduled to host the FIFA World Cup beginning in November 2022.1 This construction has not been without controversy, due to the deaths of migrant workers.2


1) “FIFA World Cup 2022 Stadiums - Qatar - The Stadium Guide.” n.d. The Stadium Guide. Accessed November 21, 2022. Archived at:

2) Abdul, Geneva. 2022. “Qatar Facing Renewed Calls To Compensate Migrant Workers Over Uninvestigated Deaths.” The Guardian. November 17, 2022. Archived at:

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